تبلیغات
English Professinal Translation System - How are paragraphs linked together
 
English Professinal Translation System
Methods and Approaches in Language Teaching and Translating
سه شنبه 10 دی 1392 :: نویسنده : محمد حیدری

In much the same way that ideas within a paragraph are linked, a new paragraph must be linked in some way with the previous one. This, too, necessitates the use of discourse markers.

Here are some different ways in which the opening of a paragraph can link back to what has happened before. The three basic types of paragraph-paragraph relationship are : reinforcement of idea; contrast of idea; and concession. Indicating these relationships builds a 'bridge' between paragraphs and makes reading the text easier.

Relationship with previous paragraph

Possible linguistic formula

Reinforcement of idea

a) A further example of this phenomenon can be seen in Foucault's work.

b) Jones (1999) further demonstrates this point in his most recent research.

Contrast of ideas

 

a) Jones, meanwhile/on the other hand, expresses this notion as 'self-defence'.

b) This argument is not, however, accepted by all critics. For instance, Smith (1999) holds that....

Concession

a) Although the ideas of Jones (1999) are interesting and useful, they do not take account of the growing problems of identity theft.

b) While Roberts (2006) emphasises the importance of Foucault's notion of the panopticon, the opposite view is held by other commentators. For example,...

 

In your own writing, it is useful to consider the following points :

 

  • Do my paragraphs serve a definite purpose?
  • What is the exact link between the paragraph I have written and the previous paragraph? Is that link clear?
  • Are my paragraphs laid out strategically, in order to help me to organise my materials to best effect?
  • Do my paragraphs help me to build up my ideas in a logical and gradual fashion?




نوع مطلب : Grammar Rules ، 
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