تبلیغات
English Professinal Translation System - What are the different discourse markers that can be used
 
English Professinal Translation System
Methods and Approaches in Language Teaching and Translating

There are many discourse markers that express different relationships between ideas. The most common types of relationship between ideas, and the sentence connectors that are most often used to express these relationships, are given in the table below. The discourse markers in the table are generally used at the start of a phrase or clause. (a clause is a minimal grammatical structure that has meaning in its own right, and consists of a subject and verb, and often an object too). Sentence connectors do not always begin a completely new sentence; they may be separated from the previous idea with a semi-colon.

  

Type of relationship

Sentence connectors

Position within clause/sentence

Adding something

Moreover; In addition; Additionally; Further; Further to this; Also; Besides; What is more.

Initial position

 

Making a contrast between two separate things, people, ideas, etc.

However; On the other hand; In contrast; Yet.

Initial position

Making an unexpected contrast (concession)

Although; Even though; Despite the fact that; In spite of the fact that; Regardless of the fact that.

Initial position

Starts a second/ subordinate clause

Saying why something is the case

Because; Since; As; Insofar as.

Initial position

Starts a second/ subordinate clause

Saying what the result of something is

Therefore; Consequently; In consequence; As a result; Accordingly; Hence; Thus; For this reason; Because of this.

Initial position

Expressing a condition

If; In the event of; As long as...; So long as...; Provided that...; Assuming that...; Given that....

Initial position

Starts a second/ subordinate clause

Making what you say stronger

On the contrary; As a matter of fact; In fact; Indeed.

Initial position

 

There are two particular features of the sentence connectors indicated above :

  • Sentence connectors can be used to begin a new sentence or a new clause that follows a semi-colon.
  • Some sentence connectors can be placed in different positions within the sentence: initial position (e.g. Because he is ill, he needs to rest.) and 'mid-way position' at the start of another clause (e.g. He must rest, because he is ill).

 





نوع مطلب : Grammar Rules ، 
برچسب ها :
لینک های مرتبط :
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر


آمار وبلاگ
  • کل بازدید :
  • بازدید امروز :
  • بازدید دیروز :
  • بازدید این ماه :
  • بازدید ماه قبل :
  • تعداد نویسندگان :
  • تعداد کل پست ها :
  • آخرین بازدید :
  • آخرین بروز رسانی :