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English Professinal Translation System - Sentence Construction
 
English Professinal Translation System
Methods and Approaches in Language Teaching and Translating
پنجشنبه 14 آذر 1392 :: نویسنده : محمد حیدری


Sentence construction differs from context to context, not because different writers are more or less capable of writing complex, mature sentences, but because different contexts require different types of sentences. The manner in which sentences are constructed can have a significant impact on the style of a work of prose. In style analysis, two important considerations are the lengths and the types of sentences constructed.

Length Any writer does well to vary his/her sentence length when writing a piece of prose. However, a general tendency to write long sentences lends writing a somewhat abstract and formal feel. Shorter sentences are typical of more concrete, technical, and informal writing.

Type Sentence type can be described in two different ways:

  • Gramatically This requires categorizing sentences as simple, compound, or complex. Generally, compound sentences are considered weak and immature, especially if overused. Complex sentences provide great variety and, once mastered, give writing strength and maturity.
  • Rhetorically This has to do with the use of subordinate clauses. If the subordinate clause follows the sentence's main clause, the sentence is called loose. Loose sentences tend to be highly readable. Periodic sentences contain one or more subordinate clauses before the main clause. They are somewhat less readable and tend to be more effective when used in speeches.

Assignment: Choose a piece of prose writing to analyze and write a short essay (no more than two double spaced pages) describing the style of the piece. Pay particular attention to the sentence construction of the piece, and consider whether or not the style choices are appropriate, given the intended audience. E-mail the essay and your prose piece (scanned or re-typed as an MS word document) to me no later than one week from today.





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